Market Recap - Week Ending June 17
Overview: Stocks were lower across the globe last week as central bank tightening amid persistent inflation and pricing pressures continued. In the U.S., the Federal Reserve raised the short-term funds rate last week by 75 basis points (0.75%), the largest increase since 1994, to a range of 1.50-1.75%. The Fed has demonstrated a strong commitment to fighting inflation and is likely to raise rates another 75 basis points at their next meeting in July, with the ending funds rate now expected to reach the 3.5% range by year-end. Plans for aggressive monetary tightening and a reduction of the Fed’s balance sheet has driven all Treasury yields higher, with the 2-year and 10-year Treasury notes closing the week at 3.17% and 3.24%, respectively, both up in yield about 60 basis points (0.60%) since the beginning of June. For the week, the S&P 500 index finished the week 5.8% lower, with international stocks down about 4.5%.
Update on Inflation (from JP Morgan): At its June meeting, the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) voted to raise the Federal funds target rate range by 0.75%. The message from the committee is clear – the Fed will expeditiously raise interest rates given it is “strongly committed” to tame inflation. While the Fed believes it can be successful in its efforts without tipping the economy into recession, this week’s actions clearly increase the risk of a recession starting later this year or in 2023.
Relative to their mid-March forecasts:
Real GDP growth by the fourth quarter of 2022 was revised lower from 2.8% to 1.7%, with that slower pace of growth being sustained through 2023.
Headline and core consumption deflator inflation for the fourth quarter of 2022 was raised from 4.3% to 5.2% and 4.1% to 4.3%, respectively. Thereafter, inflation still is expected to cool meaningfully next year and in a relatively stable manner in 2024.
The unemployment rate forecast was edged higher this year and next to 3.7% and 3.9%, respectively.
The median “dot” plot forecasts the end-of-2022 federal funds rate at 3.4% and 3.8% in 2023, before having to cut back rates to 3.4% in 2024.
These revisions largely reflect the evident persistent inflationary pressures and to some extent the first-quarter slide seen in both real GDP and productivity. While the labor market continues to expand and growth is expected to recover through the middle of this year, the committee recognizes the aggressive path of rate hikes will cool demand for labor and act as another drag on the overall economy into next year. For investors, the Fed has laid out a hawkish path for rate increases with the intent to front-load rate hikes. With such aggressive tightening this year, recession risks have risen further in 2023. To be clear, the Fed could avoid a recession; however, the runway for a soft landing is much narrower than it was just a few weeks ago.
Sources: JP Morgan Asset Management, Goldman Sachs Asset Management, Barron’s, Bloomberg
This communication is for informational purposes only. It is not intended as investment advice or an offer or solicitation for the purchase or sale of any financial instrument.
Indices are unmanaged, represent past performance, do not incur fees or expenses, and cannot be invested into directly. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.
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